BIOMASS is a municipal solid wastes (MSW) source separation scheme, specifically designed for the hospitality sector and small / decentralized communities, aiming mostly in BIOWASTES (food and green wastes). The main tools that utilizes in order to achieve a high quality separation,is the correlation of municipal taxes with the amount of wastes produced and managed, as well as,on site treatment of the BIOWASTESs. The pay as you through (PAYT) system uses specially designed weighing equipment in the wastes collection trucks and bins with recognition chips. It allows the direct correlation of each producer of the wastes, with the amounts that produces, irrelevant if these are recyclable (glass, paper, plastic, metals) or mixed wastes, and through that the respective charging is allowed. As far as the organic wastes these are collected separately and introduced in an automated composting unit (ACU) and composted on site, reducing the collection and transportation cost, the central unit treatment cost (if such a unit exists) and allowing the production of a high quality usable product. Both PAYT and ACUs are considered as state of the art process, in the wastes’ management sector, incorporating innovative technologies. The need from all the above originates from the legal requirements of the European environmental legislation and specifically the Wastes Framework Directive (98/2008). Especially regarding organic wastes (BIOWASTESs), the target that the directive sets for 2020 is that of separate collection of 10 % of the organic wastes produced in each municipality. For Greece this target was further increased at 40 % of organic wastes, through the new National Plan for Solid Wastes Management (NPSWM).For the touristic municipalities more than 50 % of the MSWare produced in such hospitality units. A source separation scheme focusing in exactly these facilities, could help achieve part or all of the required targets, with far less resources and effort,than if implementing a relevant scheme for the general public. As all source separation schemes, BIOWASTES is more or less a social interventions, relying in the acceptability and participation of the people involved, irrelevant if they are citizens or professional. As such, any pilot activity and implementation, have some transferability importance only in areas where there are significant social, economic and administrative similarities, with that of the test pilot. Irrelevant how successful the test would be, if the next area is different, then everything must start from the beginning. As a result, an effort that is realized in the same time in various different areas, with significant differences in social, economic and administrative characteristics, then is obvious that this effort will have far better efficiency results, than any effort conducted independently in the same areas, and at the same time will provide far more important data and experiences for achieving further transferability.
Expected Results (EN):
The main result of the BIOWASTES project is a solid wastes source separation scheme, aiming mostly in the hospitality industry, as well as, small and decentralized communities, which organic wastes are in its core, with their onsite treatment to play an important and key role. According to the call the Result Indicator for the Specific Objective 2.2 in the Environment Axis is “level of adaptation to resources efficiency and climate change resilience measures in alignment with EU policy”. BIOWASTES is project that contributes directly to this indicator, since: a) aims in helping municipalities to align with the EU policy on waste management and specifically in the need for source separation schemes and separate collection and management of the organic wastes, b) will help the municipalities become more resources efficient though the limitation of fusil fuels that consume for the collection and transfer of wastes, c) reduce the overall carbon foot print of the wastes management though the improvement of the purity of the collected wastes and the reduction of wastes lead to landfills, and d) utilize state of the art technologies (PAYT and ACUs) as main tools in order to achieve all deliverables and aims. As far as the quantity values that are set in the Project’s Manual, the areas that the BIOWASTES system will be implemented, are well above the 0.5 % of the surface area of all participating countries, allowing significant contribution to the completion of the relevant target set by the call of 1 % by 2023. As far as the specific outputs indicators for the Specific Objective 2.2., the BIOWASTES will contribute: a) at least two tools developed for the management of wastes, one is the PAYT system and the second is the complete source separation scheme (the overall programme’s target is 8 tools / policies etc), and b) one innovative environmental friendly technology will be implemented (out of the 3 which is the overall programme’s target), which is the ACUs.
Expected Outputs (EN):
(1)A detailed PAYT system for each of the three involved municipalities will be developed and implemented, based on the information and local data analysis that proceeds. This output is related with the respective objective of setting up a PAYT system in the involved municipalities aiming in the hospitality industry and the decentralized communities.(2)Equipment required for the realization of the PAYT system and specifically weighing units for the wastes collection trucks (one for each municipality), bins with recognition systems, compostable bags etc. Through them it will be able to manage at least 500 tn of MSW per year for each municipality with a total aim of 3.000 tn for all three, during the project. Again these outputs are related with the PAYT development objective mentioned in B.1.2., as part of the source separation scheme for the hospitality industry and small and decentralized communities (3)Aminimum number of sixACUs will be developed during the project, two in each municipality.The final number will be determined by the volume that each ACU should have, which might allowed the acquisition of up to nine such systems. Is estimated that the couple of ACUs of each municipality will be able to treat up to 120tn of organic wastes per year and in total, during the project, all the ACUs will be able to manage up to 500 tn of food and green wastes. This output contributes in the overall objective of the source separation schemethat includes the separation and on site treatment of organic wastes. (4)A complete and detailed environmental evaluation (including an LCA) will be conducted, together with a techno-economical evaluation (including a Cost Benefit Analysis), aiming to determine the real environmental benefit of the proposed scheme, together with the real financial cost / benefit of realizing such a scheme in full scale. (5)Finally a scaling up process will be developed, aiming to expand the BIOWASTES process in the whole municipality.