The purpose of the project is to promote the uptake of Combined Heating and Power systems (CHP) in the region using solid renewable biomass and gasification methods that will be appropriate for remote households.
The Northern Periphery Area has abundant natural fuel resources but is subject to a harsher climate than the rest of Europe and this results in the need for increased domestic energy. Attempts to exploit natural energy resources for households has been mixed, and as a result, there is significant fuel poverty in the region. A key component is the high cost of electricity.
It has been estimated that up to 70% of electrical energy can be lost in production and transmission lines before reaching the end user – primarily as heat loss. The principle of CHP is to use some of the heat in the home to generate electricity; this is intrinsically highly efficient.
The project will analyse the energy needs of remote households in the region. The available fuel is mainly solid which is unsuitable for existing gas CHP. We propose a new affordable solution that uses local renewable solid biofuel in a small-scale micro CHP system. The advantage of this approach is that all fuel used is carbon neutral, transport costs are minimal, and there are reduced CO2 emissions. This helps with carbon legislation compliance, reduced transmission losses from the grid, and the electricity-to-heat production ratio is a good match for the colder parts of Europe.
A 20 kW heat and 3-6 kW electricity with smart control system will be designed, manufactured and trialled in all participants’ areas. This system will demonstrate the energy efficient use of locally sourced, renewable bio-energy in family homes, especially in remote and sparsely populated regions. Up to now high capital costs have been a barrier to widespread adoption of household CHP and this project will examine the factors that can make such systems affordable.
Expected Results (EN):
Awareness of energy efficiency opportunities and renewable solutions in housing sector and public infrastructures in remote and sparsely populated areas
Expected Outputs (EN):
Project main result:
The result indicator for Priority Axis 3 – RENEWABLES AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY is, “Awareness of energy efficiency opportunities and renewable solutions in housing sector and public infrastructures in remote and sparsely populated areas”.
The project main results will be:
• Displaces the use of fossil fuels by using renewable fuels; principally biomass.
• Supports citizen-led action at a domestic level and encourages new local industries to source local biomass fuels, resulting in local job creation.
• Municipalities, governments and Utility Companies can meet obligations through investment in micro CHP and re-focus investment on low carbon technologies rather than grid reinforcements based on traditional energy generation and distribution.
• Provides very efficient power and affordable energy solutions for remote communities in fuel poverty.
• Supports the Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU (commonly known as EED). EED promotes CHP technologies and allows Member States the opportunity to assess current legislation and develop an appropriate policy structure that is supportive of micro-CHP technologies. It aims to stimulate the market and help realise the significant potential for energy savings and C02 emission reductions.
• Is fully in accordance with the Commission Communication Energy Roadmap 2050 “the long term energy planning policies for the Baltic Sea Region are energy infrastructure, renewable energy, energy efficiency, and security of supply at affordable prices”. micro-CHP plants help the EUs targets in reducing the dependency on imported oil/gas, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and use renewables and securing reliable electricity supply.
• Makes available a renewable power system to households in the NPA region that is currently not available.
• Stimulates manufacturers to design and build novel micro CHP system solutions.
• Using micro CHP will guarantee electricity during peak heat demand periods, place less strain of grids, reduce demand spikes and smooth the generation profile from power stations.
All the above correlate significantly with the result indicator for Priority Axis 3.