Project - Channel Payment for Ecosystem Services

Description


Description (EN): 60-70% of waters entering the Channel are not classified as of Good Ecological Status (sedimentation, low oxygen levels, excess nutrients). 30-50% of groundwater bodies in the project area (UK & France) fail the WFD Good Chemical Status due to nitrates. The principle cause is intensive farming. Water companies manage rising nutrient levels at drinking water sources by blending high and low nitrate water sources. Action is needed to prevent future failure and protect blending sources. Eutrophication of inland, transitional and coupled coastal waters with related socio/economic impact is common. National strategies, based on WFD, have had some impact but new initiatives are needed. Research by PW confirmed that land use changes and catchment management are the most cost effective way of improving ecosystems. PES schemes create markets in which land managers are paid by ecosystem beneficiaries e.g. water companies to change practices. Previous proof-of-concepts established the principles of PES (WATER, Vitell, Upstream Thinking) as a viable tool for improving water quality but did not test catchment scale, commercial sustainability in different geographies. Challenges identified include engaging stakeholders and creating equitable contracts. The aim of CPES is to improve water quality through the implementation of commercially sustainable catchment wide PES schemes. A pilot study will establish schemes in 6 different catchments, including lake-reservoir with direct links to the coast (Brittany), groundwater and river (Normandy), groundwater (Hampshire, West Sussex), river (West Sussex), estuarine (Cornwall, Devon). Partners will work to reduce the costs and risks of PES, building on previous studies. They will develop a PES Framework and a Resources Toolbox comprising; business cases, financial instruments, commercial agreements, interventions and cluster models. These will be tailored for different catchment landscapes and differing legal, cultural and political frameworks across the 2 countries. A change management programme will be designed with brokers to facilitate the involvement of buyers (e.g. water companies) and sellers (e.g. farmers). 90 farms and land managers and 18 buyers will be targeted. The economic and environmental effectiveness of the schemes will be evaluated and refined during the study. The partners have complementary cross Channel knowledge of the different stages of the ecosystem lifecycle and PES implementations, i.e. water companies (SW, PW, ADL, EDP), representing farming communities (SDNPA, EA), water catchment activity (SMGBO, WRT, SERPN), ecology, nutrient cycling and water quality analysis (CNRS, INRA, UR1), change management, economic modelling and communication (UoC, SHC, INRA), policy development (WRT, EA, SHC, UoC). The partner water companies will continue operations after the project ends, extending to other areas. CPES will engage with other stakeholders to generate a policy for wider adoption of PES.
Description: 60-70% des eaux qui se déversent dans la Manche n’atteignent pas un bon état écologique (sédimentation, faible niveau d´oxygénation, excès d´éléments nutritifs). 30-50% des masses d´eaux souterraines du projet ne sont pas aux normes de qualité chimique de la Directive Cadre sur l´Eau (DCE) et ce en raison de nitrates issus de l´agriculture intensive. L´eutrophisation des eaux intérieures, de transition et côtières, intensifiée par l´impact socio-économique est un phénomène courant. Les stratégies nationales, basées sur la DCE, ont eu un certain impact, mais des nouvelles initiatives sont nécessaires. Des recherches effectuées par PW ont confirmé que les changements dans l´utilisation des terres et la gestion des bassins hydrographiques contribuent efficacement au bon état. Les PSE créent des marchés dans lesquels les détenteurs du foncier sont payés par les bénéficiaires du bon état des eaux. Des études ont permis d´établir les principes du PSE (WATER, Vitell, Upstream Thinking) en tant qu’approche viable pour améliorer la qualité de l´eau. Toutefois, aucun test n´a été réalisé à l’échelle des bassins hydrographiques, ni aucun, a testé la durabilité économique. Les défis comprennent notamment l´engagement des parties prenantes et la formulation de contrats équitables. L´objectif du PSEM est d´améliorer la qualité de l´eau grâce à la viabilité économique des PSE. Le projet prévoit des pilotes dans 6 bassins hydrographiques, à savoir : le lac-réservoir en lien avec le littoral (Bretagne), les eaux souterraines et fluviales (Normandie), les eaux souterraines (Hampshire, West Sussex), les eaux de rivière (Sussex de l´Ouest), les estuaires (Cornwall, Devon). Les partenaires élaboreront un cadre de PES adapté aux bassins hydrographiques et aux contextes juridiques, culturels et politiques des deux pays et une boîte à outils comprenant : études de cas, instruments financiers, accords commerciaux, modèles d´interventions. Un programme de gestion du changement sera conçu avec des intermédiaires pour faciliter l´implication des acheteurs (gestionnaires des eaux) et des vendeurs (agriculteurs). 90 exploitations agricoles/détenteurs du foncier et 18 acheteurs seront ciblés. L´efficacité économique et environnementale sera évaluée et perfectionnée. Les partenaires couvrent les étapes du cycle de vie de l´écosystème et la mise en oeuvre des PSE : les gestionnaires des eaux (SW, PW, ADL, EDP), les représentants des communautés agricoles (SDNPA, EA), les gestionnaires des bassins (SMGBO, WRT, SERPN), l´écologie, le cycle des nutriments et l´analyse de la qualité de l´eau (CNRS, INRA, UR1), la modélisation économique et la communication (UoC, SHC, INRA), le développement des politiques (WRT, EA, SHC, UoC). Les partenaires continueront leurs activités une fois le projet terminé, pour les répliquer sur d´autres zones. La programme PSEM s´engagera auprès d´autres parties prenantes dans la formulation d’une politique permettant l´adoption large des mécanismes de PSE.
Expected Outputs (EN): The transition from poor to good ecological status will take longer than the life of the project. Project results are: • There will be an improvement in the quality of water in inland, transitional and directly couple coastal waters, improving GES as a consequence.The level of improvement will be estimated in activity 3.5. • Forecast/modelled reductions in nitrate loading to associated groundwater to meet WFD targets of 37.5 mg/l which will also meet DWS of 50mg/l as a result of PES intervenions.
Expected Outputs: La transition d’un mauvais état écologique au BEE prendra plus de temps que la durée du projet. Les résultats du projet sont : • L’amélioration du BEE des eaux côtières intérieures, de transition et les eaux du littoral, qui sera mesurée au cours de l'activité 3.5. • Les réductions prévisionnelles/modélisées de la charge de nitrate pour atteindre les seuils cibles de la DCE de 37,5 mg / L, ainsi que les seuils de la directive sur les eaux potable de 50 mg / L grâce aux PSE.

Thematic Information


Thematics: Sustainable management of natural resources  Water management  
Specific Objective: Enhance and protect the coastal and transitional water ecosystems
Thematic Objective: (6) preserving and protecting the environment and promoting resource efficiency by:
Investment Priority: (6d) protecting and restoring biodiversity and soil and promoting ecosystem services, including through Natura 2000, and green infrastructure


Project Summary


Project name (EN): Channel Payment for Ecosystem Services
Project acronym: CPES

Period: 2014-2020
Date of latest update: 2018-12-19

Web: https://www.channelmanche.com/

Project start date: 2017-07-06
Project end date: 2021-04-30
Project status: Ongoing

Total budget/expenditure: EUR 3.989.357,20
European Union funding: EUR 2.752.656,47

Project documents

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Partners Data


Lead Partner (EN): University of Chichester
Lead Partner: University of Chichester
Department: The University of Chichester Business School, Upper Bognor Road, Bognor Regis, West Sussex, PO211HR
Address: University of Chichester, College Lane,, Bognor Regis, United Kingdom
Website: http://www.chi.ac.uk/
Legal status: public

Department: n/a
Address: Southern Water, Southern House, Yeomans Road,, Worthing, United Kingdom
Legal status: private
Website: https://www.southernwater.co.uk/
Department: n/a
Address: South Downs Centre, North Street, Midhurst, United Kingdom
Legal status: public
Website: https://www.southdowns.gov.uk/F
Department: UMR 6118 Géosciences Rennes 35042 / Rennes Cedex / Campus de Beaulieu / Avenue du Général Leclerc
Address: rue André et Yvonne Meynier, Rennes, France
Legal status: public
Website: http://www.cnrs.fr/
Department: n/a
Address: boulevard des Carmes PLOERMEL, PLOERMEL, France
Legal status: public
Department: Environment Programme Solent and South Downs Area Guildbourne House Worthing BN11 1LD
Address: Horizon House, Deanery Road, Bristol, United Kingdom
Legal status: public
Website: https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/environment-agency
Department: Sol Agro et hydrosystem Spatialisation – UMR SAS INRA-Agrocampus Rennes 65 rue de Saint-Brieuc 35042 RENNES CEDEX
Address: Domaine de la Motte, Le Rheu, France
Legal status: public
Website: http://www.inra.fr/
Department: UMR 6553 Ecobio Université de Rennes 1 Campus de Beaulieu – bat.15 263 Av. du Général Leclerc 36042 Rennes cedex France
Address: Rue du Thabor, Rennes, France
Legal status: public
Website: https://www.univ-rennes1.fr/
Department: n/a
Address: Westcountry Rivers Trust, Rain-Charm House, Kyl Cober Parc, Stoke Climsland, United Kingdom
Legal status: private
Website: http://wrt.org.uk/
Department: n/a
Address: 44 BOULEVARD SAINT_GERMAIN, PARIS, France
Legal status: private
Department: S.O.
Address: West Street, Havant, United Kingdom
Legal status: private
Website: https://www.portsmouthwater.co.uk/

Partners Location


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